The majority of blended-learning programs resemble one of four models: Rotation, Flex, A La Carte, and Enriched Virtual. The Rotation model includes four sub-models: Station Rotation, Lab Rotation, Flipped Classroom, and Individual Rotation.
1. Rotation model — a course or subject in which students rotate on a ﬁxed schedule or at the teacher’s discretion between learning modalities, at least one of which is online learning. Other modalities might include activities such as small-group or full-class instruction, group projects, individual tutoring, and pencil-and-paper assignments. The students learn mostly on the brick-and-mortar campus, except for any homework assignments.
a. Station Rotation — a course or subject in which students experience the Rotation model within a contained classroom or group of classrooms. The Station Rotation model differs from the Individual Rotation model because students rotate through all of the stations, not only those on their custom schedules.
b. Lab Rotation – a course or subject in which students rotate to a computer lab for the online-learning station.
c. Flipped Classroom – a course or subject in which students participate in online learning off-site in place of traditional homework and then attend the brick-and-mortar school for face-to-face, teacher-guided practice or projects. The primary delivery of content and instruction is online, which differentiates a Flipped Classroom from students who are merely doing homework practice online at night.
d. Individual Rotation – a course or subject in which each student has an individualized playlist and does not necessarily rotate to each available station or modality. An algorithm or teacher(s) sets individual student schedules.
2. Flex model — a course or subject in which online learning is the backbone of student learning, even if it directs students to offline activities at times. Students move on an individually customized, ﬂuid schedule among learning modalities. The teacher of record is on-site, and students learn mostly on the brick-and-mortar campus, except for any homework assignments. The teacher of record or other adults provide face-to-face support on a flexible and adaptive as-needed basis through activities such as small-group instruction, group projects, and individual tutoring. Some implementations have substantial face-to-face support, whereas others have minimal support. For example, some Flex models may have face-to-face certified teachers who supplement the online learning on a daily basis, whereas others may provide little face-to-face enrichment. Still others may have different staffing combinations. These variations are useful modifiers to describe a particular Flex model.
3. A La Carte model — a course that a student takes entirely online to accompany other experiences that the student is having at a brick-and-mortar school or learning center. The teacher of record for the A La Carte course is the online teacher. Students may take the A La Carte course either on the brick-and-mortar campus or oﬀ-site. This differs from full-time online learning because it is not a whole-school experience. Students take some courses A La Carte and others face-to-face at a brick-and-mortar campus.
4. Enriched Virtual model — a course or subject in which students have required face-to-face learning sessions with their teacher of record and then are free to complete their remaining coursework remote from the face-to-face teacher. Online learning is the backbone of student learning when the students are located remotely. The same person generally serves as both the online and face-to-face teacher. Many Enriched Virtual programs began as full-time online schools and then developed blended programs to provide students with brick-and-mortar school experiences. The Enriched Virtual model differs from the Flipped Classroom because in Enriched Virtual programs, students seldom meet face-to-face with their teachers every weekday. It differs from a fully online course because face-to-face learning sessions are more than optional office hours or social events; they are required.
Ways technology supports the strategy
ÑResources are posted online via class website, LMS (Edmodo, Google Classroom, Schoology, etc). Resources include articles, videos, interactive multimedia, virtual labs, and more
Ñ Teachers can track which students are using materials at home
Ñ online materials are available to students anytime, anywhere
Ñ materials are accessible to parents and specialists to assist the students
Ñ provides interactive activities, support materials and learning resources
Ñ multimedia content helps address different learning styles
Example lesson plans and/or videos
· Using videos from YouTube, Discovery Education. The teacher also answers questions in class and dives more deeply into the content.
· assign virtual labs to do at home, and then discuss in class
· projects - work on in class, and at home with more time for collaboration
· students watch video/read chapter at home, do problems in class with teacher helping
The Pros and Cons in Blending Learning
· Provides for individualized support for the students
· students can access material at anytime, anywhere, to review the material
· provides richer, more interactive learning experiences
· provides more time for collaboration with the students and teachers
· parents have access to what students are doing - better communication and support
· Studies show it increases student and teacher productivity, improves teaching and learning, and provides more and better data, and helps customize learning.
· more and more colleges and even workplaces are using this model
· gives students more time to learn - extends the learning beyond the end of the school day
· Teachers will need time to create and/or select content.
· Teachers will need training on using this method of instruction to make it effective
· Students will need to be shown how to access, use the technology and what is expected of them
· Students need to be able to do work outside of school hours
ü Do they have access to technology at home?
ü Do they have access to internet at home?
ü Do they have other things that take up their time (job, etc.)
ü Students need to be self-directed to work at home
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